STATUTORY & REGULATORY CHARGE of the CABLE ADVISORY COUNCIL
for the Charter Communications Western franchise encompassing PURA Cable Franchise map area 19
The Cable Advisory Council is a legally created entity of the State of Connecticut. Its statutory existence is documented in the official Bylaws of the Advisory Council, and exists to carry forth the following missions with the CCFA License holder, Charter Communications, and the Designated Community Access Provider in PURA Cable Franchise map area 19.
The Cable Advisory Council charge is to carry forth the work set in CT law as an extension of the PURA; to be an active partner supporting the designated Community Access Provider programming and operations; and be the Advisory agent for Community Interests in communications with the Cable company about policies, products, & services.
This mission summary is drawn directly from the body of CT law, enforced by the Executive Branch of CT State government through the Department of Public Utilities Regulatory Authority (PURA) and its regulations. The Cable Advisory Council Mission and authority details are specifically the following:
A To promote and protect a secure future for meaningful Community Access television programming created by Community based groups of Producers. 16-331a (b)
B To advise PURA on the qualifications of a third party non-profit organizations which may petition to become a Designated Community Access Provider (CAP). 16-331a ( c.1)
C To petition for an official hearing to review the Programming and Operations of the existing Designated Community Access Provider (CAP). 16-331a ( c 8)
D To advise the Designated Community Access Provider (CAP) on the suitability of adult programming. 16-331a( g).
E To request an independent audit of the Designated Community Access provider operations, programming, and technical standards. 16-331a (h).
F To meet with official representatives of Charter Communications – the CCFA license holder at least twice per year. 16-333t ( a ).
G To offer advisory opinion and/or request advice on any issues involving Charter Communications products and services. 16-331
H To serve in any contested case involving Charter – the CCFA license holder, and the PURA with intervenor status. 16-331t ( d ).
I To appoint one representative to serve on the State-Wide Video Advisory Council 16-331i.
Historical Perspective for the Cable Advisory Council
The Public Act 95-150, adopted in 1995, continues to govern Community Access Programming and Operations; And the duties, functions, and responsibilities of the Cable Advisory councils with the addition of 16-331a (sections a-m), amending the original 1988 language. The Public Act 07-253 of 2007 adopted the language from 16-331a.
The Public Act 07-253 was passed by the Connecticut Legislature in 2007, and signed into Law. The adoption of PA 07-253 “An Act Concerning Certified Competitive Video Service”, has expanded the choices of operating licenses for community antenna systems, cable systems, and video program provider services to 3 classes of operating licenses including:
1 The legacy CPCN (Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity) license continues for specific community antenna systems. and for any legacy cable franchise operators in geographical territories as defined by PURA regulation which do not have competitive video services available.
2 The CCFA (Certificate of Cable Franchise Authority) for the PURA defined cable franchise territories which have market competition.
3 The CVFA (Certificate of Video Franchise Authority) for the competitive video services provider .
The Connecticut General Statutes maintains complete (and redundant) language to individually describe each of the three existing types of licenses. Every license holder has an associated Advisory Council.
Each designated Community Access Provider has an associated Advisory Council. There is one Designated Community Access Provider in each of the 25 PURA designated (Geo-politically) organized cable franchise areas. Multiple Community Access Studio Production facilities exist in many of these designated franchise territories.
Both CCFA and CVFA Cable/Video Franchise operator licenses require the collection of a subscriber fee from their customers strictly for funding the operation of the Designated Community Access Provider (CAP) in their respective regions. This subscriber fee amount, is set annually by the PURA. The Designated CAP is the actual bricks & mortar, video equipment, and staffing exclusively dedicated to support the community based groups of access television program producers. This support includes the training, maintenance and operation of the facilities provided for their use, free of charge, and the delivery of the finished community access television programs to the Cable company for transmission over the Cable system Community Access Channel.
The Community Access Provider facilities were created when franchise licenses were granted by the PURA to cable companies for limited monopoly operations within a geographically defined regions between 1977-2007. When State-wide competitive video services were introduced in 2007, it was decided by the legislators NOT to require the Statewide video service providers to build identical and redundant Community Access facilities. The logic followed, that the existing Community Access Provider Facilities across the Geo-politically organized cable franchise territories would continue to service the Community Access program producers, independent of the subscriber/customer choices in selecting competitive video service/cable providers. The total funding available to the Community Access Providers would remain intact.
Charter Communications holds a Certificate of Cable Franchise Authority (CCFA) license to operate in CT, dating back to 15 Dec 2007, when its original CPCN (Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity) operating license was upgraded to the CCFA. This occurred after the adoption of PA 07-253 and the introduction of competitive video services in the geographical franchise region identified as Region 19 on the (PURA) Public Utilities Regulatory Authority Cable Franchise territory map.
The PURA (previously organized as the DPUC) was restructured of 2010, and continues its executive duty of regulatory enforcement of the Connecticut General Statues.
The following link to CT PURA internet website www.ct.gov/pura/ provides a wealth of supporting information and full access to the administrative activities of the PURA. Follow the CATV and “more info” options from the PURA home pages.
Another extremely helpful wealth of information can be found through the CT League of Women's voters at www.lwvct.org/. Their graphical presentation of “How a Bill Becomes Law” is essential reading.
With Sincere Appreciation for the good work done by Champions before me,
And in the spirit of Don Quixote,
Gregory G. Davis, KB1YHW
Chairman, Cable Advisory Council, 12 July 2012
Region 19, Charter Communications- Western
The following sections of the Codified Connecticut General Statues, including the provisions of PA 07-253, govern Community Access Programming and operations and the duties, functions, and responsibilities of Cable Advisory Councils.
References to 47 CFR 76.1300 & 47 CFR 76.1500 in CGS 16-331a (a) are the links to the official definitions applicable to Telecommunications as found in Title 47 of the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations. Part 76 - MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE.
The following is relevant law is copied directly from the 2011Connecticut General Statutes:
DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC UTILITY CONTROL:
COMMUNITY ANTENNA TELEVISION SYSTEMS
AND COMPETITIVE VIDEO SERVICE PROVIDERS
*Cited. 159 C. 320. Cited. 192 C. 506.
Sec. 16-331s. Holder of a certificate of cable franchise authority: Community access programming and operations. A company issued a certificate of cable franchise authority shall be subject to the community access programming and operations provisions set forth in subsections (b) to (i), inclusive, and subsections (k), (l) and (n) of section 16-331a and any regulations pursuant thereto, and subsection (c) of section 16-333 and any regulations pursuant thereto.
Sec. 16-331a. Community access programming and operations. (a) As used in this section, "multichannel video programming distributor" means a multichannel video programming distributor, as defined in 47 CFR 76.1300, as from time to time amended, and includes an owner of an open video system, as defined in 47 CFR 76.1500, as from time to time amended.
(b) Each company or organization selected pursuant to subsection (c) of this section, in consultation with the franchise's advisory council, shall provide facilities, equipment, and technical and managerial support to enable the production of meaningful community access programming within its franchise area. Each company shall include all its community access channels in its basic service package. Each company or organization shall annually review its rules, regulations, policies and procedures governing the provision of community access programming. Such review shall include a period for public comment, a public meeting and consultation with the franchise's advisory council.
(c) If a community-based nonprofit organization in a franchise area desires to assume responsibility for community access operations, it shall, upon timely petition to the department, be granted intervenor status in a franchise proceeding held pursuant to this section. The department shall assign this responsibility to the most qualified community-based nonprofit organization or the company based on the following criteria: (1) The recommendations of the advisory council and of the municipalities in the franchise area; (2) a review of the organization's or the company's performance in providing community access programming; (3) the operating plan submitted by the organization and the company for providing community access programming; (4) the experience in community access programming of the organization; (5) the organization's and the company's proposed budget, including expenses for salaries, consultants, attorneys, and other professionals; (6) the quality and quantity of the programming to be created, promoted or facilitated by the organization or the company; (7) a review of the organization's procedures to ensure compliance with federal and state law, including the regulations of Connecticut state agencies; and (8) any other criteria determined to be relevant by the department. If the department selects an organization to provide community access operations, the company shall provide financial and technical support to the organization in an amount to be determined by the department. On petition of the Office of Consumer Counsel or the franchise's advisory council or on its own motion, the department shall hold a hearing, with notice, on the ability of the organization to continue its responsibility for community access operations. In its decision following such a hearing, the department may reassign the responsibility for community access operations to another organization or the company in accordance with the provisions of this subsection.
(d) Each company or organization shall conduct outreach programs and promote its community access services. Such outreach and promotion may include, but not be limited to (1) broadcasting cross-channel video announcements, (2) distributing information throughout the franchise area and not solely to its subscribers, (3) including community access information in its regular marketing publications, (4) broadcasting character-generated text messages or video announcements on barker or access channels, (5) making speaking engagements, (6) holding open receptions at its community access facilities, and (7) in multitown franchise areas, encouraging the formation and development of local community access studios operated by volunteers or nonprofit operating groups.
(e) Each company or organization shall adopt for its community access programming a scheduling policy which encourages programming diversity. Said scheduling policy shall include (1) limiting a program, except instructional access and governmental access programming, to thirteen weeks in any one time slot when a producer of another program requests the same time slot, (2) procedures for resolving program scheduling conflicts, and (3) other measures which the company or organization deems appropriate. A company or organization may consider the availability of a substantially similar time slot when making community access programming scheduling decisions.
(f) In the case of any initial, transfer or renewal franchise proceeding held on or after October 1, 1990, the department may, on its own initiative, in the first six months of the second, fifth, eighth and eleventh years of the franchise term, review and evaluate the company's or the organization's provision of community access programming. The department shall conduct such review or evaluation in any such proceeding held on or after October 1, 1990, if the Consumer Counsel or any interested party petitions the department for such a review during the first six months of the review year. During any such review year, if an organization desires to provide community access operations it shall petition the department and the department shall follow the procedures and standards described in subsection (c) of this section in determining whether to assign to the organization the responsibility to provide such operations. No community access programming produced using the facilities or staff of an organization or company providing community access operations shall be utilized for commercial purposes without express prior written agreement between the producer of such programming and the organization or company providing community access operations the facilities or staff of which were used in the production of the programming. Such an agreement may include, without limitation, a provision regarding the producer and the company or organization sharing any profit realized from such programming so utilized. An organization providing community access operations shall consult with the company in the franchise area prior to making such an agreement.
(g) No organization or company providing community access operations shall exercise editorial control over such programming, except as to programming that is obscene and except as otherwise allowed by applicable state and federal law. This subsection shall not be construed to prohibit such organization or company from limiting the hours during which adult programs may be aired. Such organization or company may consult with the advisory council in determining what constitutes an adult program for purposes of this subsection.
(h) Upon the request of the Office of Consumer Counsel or the franchise's advisory council, and for good cause shown the department shall require an organization responsible for community access operations to have an independent audit conducted at the expense of the organization. For purposes of this subsection, "good cause" may include, but not be limited to, the failure or refusal of such organization (1) to account for and reimburse the community access programming budget for its commercial use of community access programming facilities, equipment or staff, or for the allocation of such facilities, equipment or staff to functions not directly related to the community access operations of the franchise, (2) to carry over unexpended community access programming budget accounts at the end of each fiscal year, (3) to properly maintain community access programming facilities or equipment in good repair, or (4) to plan for the replacement of community access programming equipment made obsolete by technological advances. In response to any such request, the department shall state, in writing, the reasons for its determination.
(i) Each company and nonprofit organization providing community access operations shall report annually to the department on or before February fifteenth. The department shall adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, to specify the information which shall be required in such report. Such information shall be necessary for the department to carry out the provisions of this section.
(k) The department shall establish the amount that the company or organization responsible for community access operations shall receive for such operations from subscribers and from multichannel video programming distributors. The amount shall be five dollars per subscriber per year, adjusted annually by a percentage reflecting the increase or decrease of the consumer price index for the preceding calendar year, provided the department may increase or decrease the amount by not more than forty per cent of said amount for the subscribers and all multichannel video programming distributors within a franchise area after considering (1) the criteria set forth in subsection (c) of this section, (2) the level of public interest in community access operations in the franchise area, (3) the level of community need for educational access programming, (4) the level and breadth of participation in community access operations, (5) the adequacy of existing facilities, equipment and training programs to meet the current and future needs of the franchise area, and (6) any other factors determined to be relevant by the department. Prior to increasing or decreasing said amount, the department shall give notice and opportunity for a hearing to the company or multichannel video programming distributor and, where applicable, the organization responsible for community access programming. The amount shall be assessed once each year for each end user premises connected to an open video system, irrespective of the number of multichannel video programming distributors providing programming over the open video system. When the department issues, transfers or renews a certificate of public convenience and necessity to operate a community antenna television system, the department shall include in the franchise agreement the amount that the company or organization responsible for community access operations shall receive for such operations from subscribers. The department shall conduct a proceeding to establish the amount that the company or organization responsible for community access operations shall receive for such operations from multichannel video programming distributors and the method of payment of said amount. The department shall adopt regulations in accordance with chapter 54 to implement the provisions of this subsection.
(l) An organization assigned responsibility for community access operations which organization ceases to provide such operations shall transfer its assets to the successor organization assigned such responsibility or, if no successor organization is assigned such responsibility, to another nonprofit organization within the franchise area selected by the department.
(m) On petition or its own motion, the department shall determine whether a franchise area is subject to effective competition, as defined in 47 USC 543, as from time to time amended. Upon a determination that a franchise area is subject to effective competition, the provisions of this section shall apply to multichannel video programming distributors operating in the franchise area, provided (1) where multichannel video programming distributors provide programming over a single open video system, the provisions of this section shall apply jointly and not separately to all such distributors providing programming on the same open video system, and (2) the provisions of subsection (k) of this section shall apply to multichannel video programming distributors whether or not such distributors operate in a franchise area subject to such effective competition.
(n) No community antenna television company or nonprofit organization providing community access operations shall refuse to engage in good faith negotiation regarding interconnection of such operations with other community antenna television companies serving the same area. No school or facility owned or leased by a municipal government that possesses community access operations equipment shall unreasonably deny interconnection with or the use of such equipment to any such company or nonprofit organization. At the request of such a company or nonprofit organization providing community access operations, the department may facilitate the negotiation between such company or organization and any other community antenna television company regarding interconnection of community access operations.
Sec. 16-333. Regulations: Safety of operations, facility construction, system installation, community access channel, personal privacy protections, carriage of television broadcast signals, subscriber inquiries and complaints. (a) The Department of Public Utility Control may issue orders and regulations governing safety of operations of community antenna television systems.
(c) The Department of Public Utility Control shall adopt regulations in accordance with chapter 54 requiring each community antenna television company to maintain at least one specially designated, noncommercial community access channel available to the public and establishing minimum standards for the equipment supplied by such company for the community access programming and requirements concerning the availability and operation of such channel.
Sec. 16-331t. Holder of a certificate of cable franchise authority: Advisory council. (a) A company issued a certificate of cable franchise authority shall, twice a year, convene a meeting with the advisory council established pursuant to its previous certificate of public convenience and necessity issued pursuant to section 16-331. Members shall be appointed in accordance with section 16-331d. No member of the advisory council shall be an employee of a company providing community antenna television service or video service. For the purposes of this subsection, an employee includes any person working full or part time or performing any subcontracting or consulting services for a company providing community antenna television service or video service.
(b) A company issued a cable franchise authority certificate shall provide funding to the advisory council in the amount of two thousand dollars per year.
(c) Members of the advisory council shall serve without compensation. For the purposes of this section, compensation shall include the receipt of any free or discounted community antenna television service or video service.
(d) The Department of Public Utility Control shall designate the advisory council as an intervenor in any contested case proceeding before the department involving the company it advises. Such company shall provide to the chairperson of the advisory council a copy of any report, notice or other document it files with the department in any applicable proceeding.
(e) Any company issued a certificate of cable franchise authority shall, every six months, provide on bills, bill inserts or letters to subscribers, a notice indicating the name and address of the chairperson of the advisory council and describing the responsibilities of such advisory council. The advisory council shall have an opportunity to review such notice prior to its distribution.
Sec. 16-331. Certificate of public convenience and necessity. Advisory councils. Franchise terms. Regulations. Community needs assessment.
(d) (1) An initial certificate issued prior to June 1, 1988, shall grant a franchise for fifteen years, provided that for certificates issued prior to January 1, 1975, the initial franchise term shall be deemed to end for four such companies each year, starting in 1989, in order of those companies having the highest gross revenues under chapter 211 or 212a during the calendar year ending December 31, 1982. An initial, renewal or transfer certificate issued on or after June 1, 1988, shall grant a franchise for a term of not less than five years and not more than ten years, except that under special circumstances, as described in subdivision (2), a franchise may be granted for a term of more than ten years but not more than fifteen years. The department shall have the discretion to determine the appropriate length of a franchise term, initial, renewal or transfer, and in making its decision shall consider the following without limitation: (A) The operator's past performance in terms of meeting the needs of the cable-related community; (B) the operator's past performance in terms of complying with the material terms of the existing franchise; (C) the operator's compliance with department regulations and the general statutes; (D) the ability of the operator's management to properly operate the franchise; (E) the operator's effectiveness in dealing with consumer requests, complaints and billing questions or disputes; (F) the operator's effectiveness in dealing with the advisory council; (G) the quality and diversity of the operator's programming; (H) the quality of the operator's community access programming, including public access, educational access and governmental access programming, in accordance with the provisions of subdivision (3) of this subsection; (I) the quality of the operator's equipment and facilities; (J) the operator's proposals for future extensions and upgrading to technologically advanced equipment, facilities and systems; (K) the operator's past performance in terms of meeting the needs of the cable-related community by providing African-American and Hispanic programming; (L) the operator's good faith efforts, as determined by the department, to provide service, when practicable, to all customers within the service area; (M) the operator's past performance in making available addressable converters, traps or other devices or services which enable subscribers to voluntarily block transmission of specific programming to their homes or places of business; and (N) the applicant's provision of innovative services, including audio services, information services, electronic publishing and information concerning the proceedings of the General Assembly and legislative committees.
Public Utility Regulatory Authority Regulations which enforce Connecticut General Statues 16-331 to 16-333
Sec. 16-333-24. Establishment of Cable Advisory Council
There shall be established a cable television advisory council, hereinafter reffered to as advisory council, consisting of representatives of the towns in each area where the Public Utilities Commision has granted a certificate of public convenience and necessity to a cable television company as franchise holder under the authority of Chapter 289 of the General Statutes. (Effective April 23, 1974)
Sec. 16-333-25. Appointment of Advisory Council Members
The members of each advisory council shall be appointed as follows:
(a) The chief elected official of each town in the franchise area shall appoint one or more members who are residents of said town in accordance with the population of the said town as determined by the most recent United States census in the following manner:
(1) In towns having a population of less than 5,000 - one member.
(2) In towns having a population of at least 5,000 but less than 20,000 - two members.
(3) In towns having a population of at least 20,000 but less than 50,000 - three members.
(4) In towns having a population of 50,000 of more - four members.
Insofar as is possible said appointments should reflect and be representative of the cultural, educational, ethnic, and economic makeup of the population inhabiting said towns.
(b) The Board of Education in each town franchise area shall appoint one member of the advisory council. Such member shall reside in said town or be a member of saib Bard of Education, or be employed by said Board of Education.
(c) One member shall be appoited to the advisory council in each franchise area to represent all of the libraries of general public use located in the towns within the franchise. In the town in the franchise area having the largest population therein, as determined by the most recent United States census, the public library board charged with the oversight and management of the town's public library as defined by Section 11-24a(b) of the General Statutes shall appointthe advisory cuncil member. In the event there is no public library board in charge of the public library in that town, or if the library of general public use in that town, is a private eleemosynary library, or if no library in either category is located in that town, the sad advisory council member shall be appointed by the chief elected official of said town. The advisory council member appointed hereunder shall either be a library board member of a professional library staff employee of a public library or a private eleemosynary library of general public use in a town within the franchise area.
(d) The franchisee shall appoint one member, who shall possess some expertise in the field of cable television and who shall serve without vote on the advisory council.
(e) Appointment of advisory council members pursuant to subsections (a) through (d), of this section, shall be subject to the following limitations:
(1) No paid employee of a nonprofit organization providing community access operations may serve on an advisory council.
(2)No employee of a CATV company, its subsidiaries or affiliates may serve on an advisory council except in the position of franchise representative serving without vote.
(3) At least one seat, but no more than 25 percent of total seats to which appointments may be made to an advisory council, may be filled by persons who also are members of a board of directors of a nonprofit organization proving community access operations.
(4) Advisory concil members who also serve as a member of a board of directors of a nonprofit organization providing community access operations shall recuse themselves from voting on any financial related matters to their access organization.
(Effective April 23, 1974; ammended March 31, 1999)
Sec. 16-333-26. Term of Advisory Council Members
Each member of and advisory council shall serve a term of two (2) years from the first day of July in the year in which such member is appointed. If an advisory council member has three consecutive unexcused absences or does not attend 50 percent of meetings duly noticed and held within a 12 month period, then the member will be deemed to have resigned from the council.
(Effective April 23, 1974; ammended March 31, 1999)
Sec. 16-333-27. Vacancies of Advisory Council Members
Any vacancies for an unexpired term may be filled by the respective apponting authority in each instance to complete and serve out the remainder of the current term for which the vacating member was appointed.
(Effective April 23, 1974)
Sec. 16-333-28. Compensation
Members of the advisory council shall serve without compensation.
(Effective April 23, 1974)
Sec. 16-333-29. Election of Officials and Meetings
Each advisory council shall elect its own chairman, vice-chairman, and secretary. The council shall meet regularly at least bi-monthly. Special meetings may be called by the chairman or by the majority of the members upon due notice to all members of the advisory council.
(Effective April 23, 1974)
Sec. 16-333-30. Function of Council
Each advisory council may give advice to the managment of the cable television company upon such matters affecting the public as it deems necessary. Each cable company shall respond within 5 business days to issues brought forth by its advisory council. Each advisory council shall annualy on a date not later than the first day of August, file a written report with the Department of Public Utility Control concerning its activities for the preceding 12 month period ending June 30.
(Effective April 23, 1974; ammended March 31, 1999)
Cable Television Public Access Channels
Sec. 16-333-31 Definitions
As used in Secs. 16-331a-2-16-331a-5, inclusive:
(1) "Franchise Holder" means the holder of a certificate of public convenience and necessity to construct and operate a CATV system, under the provisions of section 16-31 of the General Statutes.
(2) "Public access" refers to the use of a cable television channel for non-commercial programming by any person.
(3) "Person" means any individual, corporation, joint venture, public benefit corporation, political subdivision, governmental agency or authority, municipality, partnership, association, trust or estate and any other entity, public or private, however organized.
(4) "Educational access" means the use of a community access channel for non-commercial educational programming.
(5) "Governmental access" means the use of a community access channel for non-commercial governmental programming.
(6) "Community access" includes public access, educational access and governmental access, as defined in subsections (b), (d) and (e) of this section.
(7) "Access user," "access channel user" and "user of access channel" means any person other than a franchise holder's employee or paid consultant, who is involved in the development, production, showing, promotion or support of community access programming.
(8) "Equipped studio" for the purposes of Section 16-331a-11, shall mean the following:
(1) (A) a production room with ceiling height adequate to mount lighting equipment necessary for good quality production of video programming;
(B) two cameras having a minimum 350 lines of horizontal resolution and equipped with studio view finder, external synchronization capability and remote lens control;
(C) lighting equipment, microphones, intercom system, tripods, and microphone mixers sufficient for good quality production of video programming;
(2) (A) a control room, separate from the production room with adequate sound insulation and space and cable casting equipment sufficient to enable the good quality production and effective showing of video programming, including, but not limited to, the following equipment: three color capable video tape recorders, with video output jack, minimum 60 minute recording time, minimum 240 lines of resolution, and minimum of two audio tracks, at least two of which must be capable of forming an editing system with a controller, and capable of assemble and insert edit;
(B) two monitors with a minimum of nine inch screens; switching equipment and a sixteen-page character generator;
(C) an editing room, separate from the production and control rooms, unless the room is of sufficient size to provide for the editing and control functions to occur simultaneously in the same room without adverse impact to either function, with space and equipment sufficient to enable the effective editing of programming.
(Effective May 19, 1982; amended September 26, 1996)
Sec. 16-333-32 Transferred to 16-331a-2.
(Effective September 26, 1996)
Sec. 16-333-33 Equipment and technical assistance
Each franchise holder, upon reaching a minimum of 3,500 subscribers, shall make available to the users of the access channels the following:
(a) Studio facilities necessary for good quality production of live programming.
(b) (b) Technical assistance as required.
(c) At a minimum, a character generator, a portable color camera and a video tape recorder to program the access channel(s) as required. The department may require more than the minimum level of equipment (see section 16-331a-4.)
(Effective May 19, 1982; amended September 26, 1996)
Community Access Support
Sec. 16-333-33a Community access support definitions
(a) "Access user" for the purposes of section 16-331a-11 and 16-331a-12 shall mean any person, other than a company's employee or paid consultant, who is involved in the production, showing, promotion, or support of community access programming.
(b) "Community access" for the purposes of sections 16-331a-11 and 16-331a-12, shall mean the same as public access as defined in section 16-333-31, including the conception, production, editing, and showing of programming by an access user. No company shall exert editorial control over the content of such programming.
(c) "Equipped studio" for the purposes of section 16-331a-11, shall mean the following: (1) (A) a production room with ceiling height adequate to mount lighting equipment necessary for good quality production of video programming; (B) two cameras having a minimum 350 lines of horizontal resolution and equipped with studio view finder, external synchronization capability and remote lens control; (C) lighting equipment, microphones, intercom system, tripods, and microphone mixers sufficient for good quality production of video programming; (2) (A) a control room, separate from the production room with adequate sound insulation and space and cablecasting equipment sufficient to enable the good quality production and effective showing of video programming, including, but not limited to, the following equipment: three color capable video tape recorders, with video output jack, minimum 60 minute recording time, minimum 240 lines of resolution, and minimum of two audio tracks, at least two of which must be capable of forming an editing system with a controller, and capable of assemble and insert edit; (B) two monitors with a minimum of nine inch screens; switching equipment and a sixteen-page character generator; (C) an editing room, separate from the production and control rooms, unless the room is of sufficient size to provide for the editing and control functions to occur simultaneously in the same room without adverse impact to either function, with space and equipment sufficient to enable the effective editing of programming.
(Effective July 2, 1987; amended September 26, 1996)